There are different
fire extinguishers that do different things. For more information
please visit: http://www.ulc.ca/consumer/fire_extinguishers.asp
You have invested a lot of time and money in your collision repair
business. Fires are a primary cause of significant property losses
in a shop, and can seriously disrupt your business. Many of the
solvents you are using contain flammable materials so they must
be handled as combustible liquids. Solvent vapours can be ignited
by open flames (welding, pilot lights, matches, cigarettes) or by
sparks from electrical switches, boxes, or other electrical connections.
Solvent vapours can travel along the ground and flashback along
a vapour trail. Improperly stored solvent laden wipes or rags can
also start a fire.
To protect your
investment and your employees, it is important to implement the
following steps to prevent a fire:
your shop complies with all applicable Fire, Electrical and Building
Develop a Fire
Prevention plan, train your employees, and have it posted in prominent
places around your shop. Make certain your employees know what to
do in the event of a fire.
The Top Fire
concerns for Autobody Shops:
- Spray painting
operations must be carried out in a proper spray room / booth in
a location which conforms to zoning regulations; a person's garage
in a residential area or near a school or hospital is generally
not permitted and the operator must also have a business license
form the city--this benefits both the consumer and the business
operator by limiting or stopping backyard operators.
- Spray booths
are to be of non-combustible construction (including the operator's
work area and the floor). The spray booth is to have proper filters
installed in it's exhaust ducts to prevent overspray buildup in
- The spray
booth must be capable of exhausting area with an air velocity of
30m/min. across the face of the spray booth. Coupled with this,
there must be a gauge or other device which monitors the air velocity
and will give an alarm if a problem occurs. Exhaust air cannot be
recirculated back into the booth unless so designed to do so.
- Ensure that
your exhaust system does not "impinge" on your neighbor---that
is you don't want to have exhaust fumes blowing into an adjacent
window or air vent.
- Access doors
are to be provided in exhaust ducts to facilitate cleaning of overspray
All electrical services in the spray booth must conform to the Electrical
Safety Code; with this in mind, you cannot install exhaust fan motors
within the booth or the duct.
liquids must be stored in a listed cabinet and any mixing or dispensing
operations must be done in an approved, separated room or, may be
done within the booth itself but not in the open shop area. There
must also be spill kit on site to deal with accidental spills and
a means of properly disposing of any waste / spilled materials.
- The spray
booth and ductwork is to be cleaned as often as necessary to prevent
build-ups of combustible deposits and filters changed on a regular
basis, not simply taken out when they become clogged.
- Spray booths
must be equipped with either sprinkler protection or a fixed fire
extinguishing system. Both types of protection, as well as portable
fire extinguishers, must be inspected 1 X year by a qualified contractor.
- The body shop
should have at least 2 fire extinguishers on site, each with a minimum
rating of 3A 20BC (A rating on each unit of 4A 40 BC is recommended)
Fire Safety Information
on Fire Safety for Collision Repair Facilities can be found in the
AIA's Top Ten Steps, see pages 10-11, http://www.aiacanada.com/downloads/topten.pdf
Follow the CCME's
Codes of Good Practices for Automotive Refinish Operations, see